ABSTRACTABSTRACT OF COWPEA BISCUITS
The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of supplementation of cowpea biscuits on nutritional status of pre-school children. Hundred gram each of cowpea biscuits having 70% incorporation of cowpea flour (CB) & refined wheat flour biscuit (WB) biscuits, providing 500 kcal each, selected for supplementation were subjected to nutritional quality and cost analysis. In the intervention trial to see the effect of supplementation of CB over WB and non-supplemented group, three groups, each consisting of randomly selected 16 pre-school children in the age group of 3-5 years, were formulated and named control I (without supplementation); control II (WB supplementation); and experimental (CB supplementation) group. The supplementation was carried out for 90 days and site was Saraswati Shishu Mandir, Pantnagar. The nutritional outcome of intervention on pre-school children was measured in terms of anthropometric measurements viz. weight, height and MUAC of children.The biscuit with 70 per cent incorporation of cowpea flour was analyzed for their acceptability against refined wheat flour biscuit using sensory evaluation technique. Both the biscuits were found highly acceptable. Upon nutritional composition analysis cowpea biscuit was found to be significantly higher in protein (15.2±0.1 g %); ash (1.3±0 g %); fibre (4.4±0.2 g %); and zinc (3.1±0.2 mg/100g) as compared to that of refined wheat flour biscuits protein (12.2±0.5 g %); ash (0.6±0.1 g %); fibre (1.5±0.1 g %); and zinc (0.1±0.1 mg %) was found on as is basis. Similarly, on dry weight basis, cowpea biscuits was found to be significantly higher in protein (15.7±0.1 g %); ash (1.3±0 g %); fibre (4.5±0.2 g %); and zinc (3.2±0.2 mg/100g) as compared to that of refined wheat flour biscuits protein (12.8±0.5 g %); ash (0.7±0.1 g %); fibre (1.6±0.1 g %); and zinc (0.1±0.1 mg %) was found indicating cowpea incorporation leads in increase in the essential nutrients such as protein, fiber and minerals (zinc). However, the cost of cowpea biscuits was found to be higher than that of refined wheat flour which can be overcome by increasing in the production of cowpea biscuits.There was no effect of supplementation of cowpea biscuits as well as refined wheat flour biscuits for 90 days as compared to non supplemented group on anthropometric outcomes of nutritional status viz. weight, height and MUAC of children. All these observations evident that supplementation did not bring any significant changes in weight, height and MUAC of the children. Therefore, longer period supplementation could enhance the growth potentials of malnourished children.